25 خرداد 1390

The Munich charter or « the ethical principles of the journalists’ profession »

15 June 2011

Khabarnegaran. info-News Press wishes to insert its action within the rules of the charter and strives:

- to give as much attention to small organizations as to larger ones
- not to prejudice the opinion of a given organization
- to give an equal treatment of information
- to oppose the publication of all information contrary to the texts in effect and libelous
- to check the nature and the source of every communication

At a time where there are many types of services which allow everyone to broadcast information without follow-up, nor control, these efforts are part of the prerequisites that News Press whishes to maintain. By guaranteeing this control in regard to these criteria, News Press has never been put in doubt during the broadcasting of its news releases, and thus acting as guarantee for the entire body of its institutional and media partners.

Declaration of the journalists’ duties and rights

Foreword

The right to information, to freedom of expression and criticism is one of the fundamental rights of all human beings. This right of the public to know the facts and opinions derives from the entire duties and rights of the journalists. The journalists’ responsibility towards the public opinion is superior to all other responsibilities, in particular towards their employers and the public authorities. The informative mission necessarily contains the limits which the journalists impose upon themselves spontaneously. Thus the object of the declaration of the duties is hereby formulated. These duties can only be respected throughout the journalistic profession if the practical conditions of independence and professional dignity are realized. Thus is the purpose of the declaration of rights which follows.

Declaration of duties

The essential duties of the journalists in the research, writing and commentary of events are:

[1] the respect of the truth, whatever the consequences maybe for himself or herself, within what is allowed to be known by the public following the law;

[2] the defense of the freedom of information, of commentary and of critique;

[3] to only publish information from a known origin or if necessary to join the required reservations; to not remove essential information and to not alter the texts and documents;

[4] to not use unfair methods to obtain information, photos and documents;

[5] to require respect of individuals´ privacy

[6] to modify any information published that is shown to be incorrect

[7] to maintain the professional discretion and not reveal the source of information obtained confidentially;

[8] to forbid oneself of plagiarism, slander, libel, unfounded accusations as well as from receiving any form of advantages due to the publication or suppression of information;

[9] never to confuse the profession of journalist with that of the publicist or propagandist; never to accept direct or indirect orders from advertisers;

[10] to refuse whatever pressure and to only accept editorial directives from the persons in charge of the editing;

All journalists worthy of practicing must make it their duty to strictly follow the principles listed above; recognizing the current laws in force in each country, the journalist, in terms of professional honor, only accepts the jurisdiction of his pairs, with the exception of any governmental interference or other.

Declaration of rights

[1] The journalists claim the free access to all sources of information and the right to inquire freely upon all facts which conditions the public sphere. The secret of public or private affairs can in no case be opposed to the journalist with the occasional exception by virtue of clearly expressed grounds.

[2] The journalist has the right to refuse all subordination which is contrary to the general strategy of his company, following the way this strategy is determined in writing in his work contract, as well as any subordination which is not clearly implicated within this general strategy. . [3] The journalist can not be forced to accomplish a professional act or to express an opinion which is contrary to his convictions or his conscience.

[4] The editorial team must be informed of all the important decisions which, by nature, could affect the company’s organization. The editorial team must be consulted before any definite decision should be taken related to the composition of the editorial office: recruitment, redundancy, transfer and promotion of a journalist.

[5] Considering his function and responsibilities, the journalist has the right not only to benefit from the collective convention, but also to a personal contract which guarantees his material and moral security as well as an income in relation to his social role and sufficient to guarantee his economic independence.

Munich, 1971

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